Mathura is a holy city in Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 km North of Agra, and 150 km South of Delhi. Since ancient times, it is an economic, well located, at the junction of some relatively important caravan routes.
Mathura is reputed to be the Birthplace of Lord Krishna. The Keshav Dev temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna’s legendary birthplace (an underground prison). As per Epic Mahabharta, Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Lord Krishna.
Mathura is also famous as one of the first two centres of production for images of the Buddha. Human images of the Buddha began to appear approximately at the same time (1st Century AD).
Mathura has an ancient history. As per the ASI plaque at Mathura museum,the city is mentioned in the oldest epic Ramayana. In the epic, the Ikshwaku prince Shatrughan slays a demon called Lavanasur and claims the land in Aryan fold. The place hence came to be known as Madhuvan (as it was thickly wooded) or Madhupura and later Mathura. Deeper research shows us that the demon that Shatrughan killed in Ramayana was Lavanasur who was the progeny of a devout king Madhu who got Lord Shiva’s Trident in a boon in the puranas. The Puranas ascribe the founding of the city to Ayu, the son of Pururuvas and celestrial nymph Urvashi. The city might also have got its name from a famous Yadav king Madhu who reigned in around 1600BC.
Major Tourists Sites at Mathura
SHRI KRISHNA JANMA BHUMI : The Birth Place of Lord Krishna
JAMA MASJID: Built by Abo-inNabir-Khan in 1661.A.D. the mosque has 4 lofty minarets, with bright colored plaster mosaic of which a few panels currently exist.
VISHRAM GHAT : The sacred spot where Lord Krishna is believed to have rested after slaying the tyrant Kansa.
DWARKADHEESH TEMPLE : Built in 1814, it is the main temple in the town. During the festive days of Holi, Janmashthami and Diwali, it is decorated on a grandiose scale.
GITA MANDIR : Situated on the city outskirts, the temple carving and painting are a major attraction.
GOVT. MUSEUM : Located at Dampier Park, it has one of the finest collection of archaeological interest. Rare items from the Gupta and Kushan period (400 B.C.-1300A.D.) are on display. Major attraction for tourists.
Welcome to B.S.A. College of Engineering & Technology, Mathura
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